Yarkon river, Tel Aviv.
Appointed Times Of Elohim.
The purpose of this study is to bring understanding about the "Times of Elohim" (Elohim), as the Ruach HaKodesh/Holy Spirit has been revealing, not as tradition has been teaching us, neither as historians. The Lord gave us the Instructions (Torah) to know His appointed times, and gave us the Ruach HaKodesh to lead us into all truth. The Holy Spirit is revealing to us the Truth in this season and the Truth is setting us free, as YESHUA prophesied. The verses of the Torah that are related to this revelation will become the Word of Elohim to us. This truth will set us free, even in a area of our lives that is not related with this subject at all. This is the deliverance that comes with revelations.
During the year 2008 the Lord several times spoke about His timings, He did it through visions, dreams and words of knowledge. He was very specific about certain issues like the day of the waving of the sheaf that is described in Leviticus 23:10-11 and the day of the Feast of Trumpets. YESHUA also revealed that two thousand years ago in the second Temple the religious people were not keeping the correct timings and that He was teaching to His disciples about the correct calendar. He also showed that the ancient’s writings (like Josephus or Talmud) are not an answer to know the right way of knowing His times. It is the Ruach HaKodesh and His Words what we need to follow.
In this message we will not talk about how we are supposed to keep the feasts of the Lord today, we will be concentrating on showing when they come to pass.
There is a big difference between what we call the calendar of Elohim and calendars man has established. In the calendar of the Lord we completely depend upon Him for the timings, in mans calendars it is us that decides.
We will start with the definition of a day, that we find in the Scriptures.
What Is a Day?
And Elohim called the light, Day. And He called the darkness, Night. And there was evening, and there was morning the first day.
(Genesis 1:5 LITV)
The Lord said that the evening and the morning was one day, the day starts in the evening. As we also see in the following verse that instructs us how to keep the "Day Of Atonement", in the tenth day of the month.
It is a sabbath of rest to you, and you shall humble your souls in the ninth of the month at evening; from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.
(Leviticus 23:32 LITV)
The Lord instructs us to begin to humble our souls in the ninth day at evening because the tenth day starts in the evening of the ninth when the day light ends. The tenth day is the day that was commanded to keep.
What Is a Week?
The basic block of seven days was established by the Almighty from the book of genesis in the first chapter. In particular the seventh day is a day of rest, called by the Lord Shabbath (He uses also the term Shabbath for any day of rest, like the feasts). The rest of the days of the week have no names but they are named by numbers like this; the first day, the second day until you get to the seventh day that is called Shabbath.
And Elohim blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because He rested from all His work on it, which Elohim had created to make.
(Genesis 2:3 LITV)
This is repeated several times through the Scriptures and becomes a sign of covenant between the Lord and His people.
Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy, as Yhuh your Elohim has commanded you.
(Deuteronomy 5:12 LITV)
Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who lays hold on it; keeping sabbath, from defiling it; and keeping his hand from doing every evil.
(Isaiah 56:2 LITV)
What Is a Month?
And Elohim said, Let luminaries be in the expanse of the heavens, to divide between the day and the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years.
(Genesis 1:14 LITV)
The moon, the stars and the sun are used by the Lord as signs for seasons. The cycle of the moon has been watched by man since creation as a sign for months in fact the word moon and new in the Scriptures are synonymous of month (yareach/moon or hodesh, hadash/new). This is similar to the cycle of the sun establishing summer and winter. All these cycles are vital for mankind to subsist.
Now, this is very important for establishing the beginning of the month. In the moon cycle there is one day that is the most unique and special and simple over all others days of the cycle, that is the day of the new moon. Any person without any studies or preparation, by simply watching the new moon, can establish the beginning of the month. This is not true with the full moon neither with absence of a moon. The new moon is the first small portion that can be seen in the evening after the days with absence of moon. All of this must be from Jerusalem near where the Temple was.
The months are numbered by the Lord rather than names, most of the names of the months used in the Jewish calendar are not taken from Scriptures. The first month of the year is called by the Lord the month of "the aviv" (aviv is young ears of barley grain) not the month called Aviv. Most names for the months were added later by man, despite many of them are pagans, some of them are mentioned in the Scriptures.
Now, the beginning of a month is according to the Scriptures a special day.
And in the beginning of your months you shall bring near a burnt offering to Yhuh: two bulls, sons of the herd, and one ram, seven lambs, sons of a year, ones without blemish.
(Numbers 28:11 LITV)
In the beginning of the month we are commanded to blow trumpets and also shofars (ram's horn).
And in the day of your gladness, and in your appointed times, and in your new moons, (Lit. beginning of month) you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. And they shall be to you for a memorial before your Elohim. I am Yhuh your Elohim.
(Numbers 10:10 LITV)
Blow the ram's horn in the new moon …
(Psalms 81:3 LITV)
The number of days in a lunar cycle is between 29 and 30. In the case where the weather conditions didn't allow to see the moon, the month would end on the day 30.
There are many instructions in the Scriptures that are related with specific days of different months, like Passover, The Feast of Tabernacles and The Day of Atonement. Therefore it is necessary to know when the month starts and what day of the month it is.
What Is a Year?
A year according to the Lord begins in the month of "the aviv", when in the fields of Israel there could be found young ears of barley grain, what is called in Hebrew aviv, then we know it is the first month of the year. This was also related with the Temple Service because the Lord commands to bring aviv barley as a first fruit wave offering as we read;
And if you bring near a food offering of first fruits to Yhuh, fresh ears (in Hebrew aviv) roasted with fire (or) beaten grains, you shall bring near your firstfruits for a food offering.
(Leviticus 2:14 Lit)
And this is commanded, to be done specifically in the first month as we read from Leviticus 23:5 (In the first month …) until verse 10;
… Speak to the sons of Israel, and you shall say to them, When you come in to the land which I am giving to you, and have reaped its harvest, and have brought in the sheaf, or the beginning of your harvest, to the priest …
(Leviticus 23:10 LITV)
The harvest of the barley is the first harvest, according to the Scriptures it is forbidden to start the harvest before presenting the first sheaf of fresh ears to the Lord in the Temple during the first month.
Later, in the day of the feast of Shabuot (Pentecost) the wheat was presented (not the barley) because wheat grows later, as we read.
… the next day after the seventh sabbath, you shall number fifty days; and you shall bring near a new food offering (Lit. new offering) to Jehovah;
(Leviticus 23:16 LITV)
And with the harvest of the grapes came the feast of Sukot (Tabernacles).
You shall keep the Feast of Tabernacles seven days after you have gathered in from your threshingfloor, and from your winepress.
(Deuteronomy 16:13 LITV)
All of these feasts times are connected with the agriculture and are still truths even to this day in the land of Israel. Therefore feasts or Appointed Times must be in sync with the agriculture, with the barley, wheat, vineyards and olives.
Now to determine the beginning of the year we need to see the barley field near the Temple. When we see that the barley is aviv (this is the green fresh ears), then we know we are in the first month. The reason why we seek to know the first month is to be able to celebrate the feasts at the Appointed Times.
The real reason to seek for the aviv barley is so that it can be presented as a wave offering in the temple by the first day of the counting of what we call "The Omer" in the first month during the Feast of Matzot or Unleavened Bread. This is the count that will bring us to the fifty days, the day of Shabuot.
… then he shall wave the sheaf before Yhuh for your acceptance; on the morrow of the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
(Leviticus 23:11 LITV)
Now this special day is not at the beginning of the month, this day sometimes can be as far as the 21st day of the month (as it was in the year 2008). This is the day after the weekly Shabbath that is during the seven days of the feast of unleavened bread. According to the Scriptures there is no reason why we need to know when the first day of the year is. It will be necessary to know if it is the first month, by the day 13-14 to celebrate Passover. With the temple service it was necessary to know if it was the first month of the year by the 9-10 day, for the sake of choosing a lamb.
If we don’t find aviv barley in the first day of the month it doesn't mean that we will not have aviv barley for the day of presenting the wave offering of first fruits. It was forbidden to harvest before the waving, if the priests fail to recognize the first month can be very problematic for farmers for the sake of the harvest.
The people that were checking the barley were people that have the knowledge to know if the barley could be ready in 20 more days, if it was not already aviv. Today we need to know if there is aviv barley ten days after the beginning of the month, for the sake of proclaiming that we choose YESHUA as out Lamb. It is not necessary that the barley will be aviv by the new moon or before the new moon at all!
The number of months in a year depends on the weather that the Lord will bring to the Land of Israel. He will bring growth to the fields and the year will begin when the Lord decides.
Now with the understanding of what is a day, a week, a month and a year we are ready now to learn feasts and special days of Elohim.
In the first month, on the fourteenth of the month, between the evenings is the Passover to Yhuh.
(Leviticus 23:5 LITV)
This is celebrated the evening of the day 13 like YESHUA did it with His disciples. This feast in not a Shabbath, the lamb was sacrificed this day.
Feast of unleavened bread
And on the fifteenth of this month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yhuh; you shall eat unleavened things seven days. On the first day you shall have a holy gathering; you shall do no work of service; and you shall bring near a fire offering to Yhuh seven days; and the seventh day shall be a holy gathering; you shall do no work of service.
(Leviticus 23:6-8 LITV)
Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your generations shall be unclean by reason of a body, or be in a distant journey, yet he shall keep the Passover to Yhuh. In the second month, on the fourteenth day at dusk, they shall keep it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs;
(Numbers 9:10-11 LITV)
Shabuot - Feast of Weeks
And you shall number to you from the next day after the sabbath (the wekly sabbath on the Feast of Unleavened bread), from the day you bring in the sheaf of the wave offering; they shall be seven complete sabbaths; the next day after the seventh sabbath, you shall number fifty days; and you shall bring near a new food offering to Yhuh;
(Leviticus 23:15-16 LITV)
You shall number to yourself seven weeks. When the sickle begins to reap in the standing grain, you shall begin to number seven weeks.
(Deuteronomy 16:9 LITV)
The count to the feast of Shabuot is called today the count of the Omer. The day of this feast must fit three patterns, from the day of presenting the wave offering there will be seven weeks this is seven complete shabbaths, fifty days and it must be the next day after a shabbath.
Feast of Trumpets
Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first of the month, a sabbath shall be to you, a call (Lit. a blowing) to a memorial, a holy gathering.
(Leviticus 23:24 LITV)
Day of Attonement - Yom Kipur
Also, on the tenth of this seventh month shall be a day of atonement; there shall be a holy gathering, and you shall humble your souls and shall bring a fire offering to Yhuh. And you shall do no work in this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to atone for you before Yhuh your Elohim. For any person who is not humbled in this same day shall be cut off from his people.
(Leviticus 23:27-29 LITV)
Feat of Tabernacles - Sukot
Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, In the fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be a Feast of Booths seven days to Yhuh. On the first day shall be a holy gathering; you shall do no work of service. Seven days you shall bring a fire offering to Yhuh; on the eighth day you shall have a holy gathering; and you shall bring the fire offering to Yhuh; it is a solemn assembly; you shall do no work of service.
(Leviticus 23:34-36 LITV)
These are all the Feasts and Appointed Times of Elohim as they are commanded to be celebrated by the Lord in the Scriptures.
May the Lord YESHUA bless you.
Note: Unless otherwise indicated the verses from the Bible are in "light blue" and taken from the translation called "The King James Version 1769", the literal translations are in "dark blue", the Name YESHUA has been kept in his original Hebrew form, the Greek word Christos has been kept as Messiah his real meaning.
(*) The expression "the LORD" has been kept also in his original form of four Hebrew letters, in English Yhuh where "U" is a "long U", this is the transliteration of the Hebrew letter "Vav", that YESHUA in His big mercy has revealed to us was the old way of pronouncing.
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